HAIFA, ISREAL: What if finding spare parts or identifying a landmark was as easy as uploading and analyzing a digital photo? This will soon be possible, thanks to technology produced by a European Union project, led by IBM Researchers.
Today, IBM announced that in collaboration with a European Union consortium, researchers have developed an analytics engine to allow people to find even untagged video, pictures, and music that match multimedia they've submitted as a query.
The consortium has engineered Web technology called SAPIR (Search in Audio-Visual Content Using Peer-to-Peer Information Retrieval) that can analyze and identify the pixels in large-scale collections of audio-visual
content. For example, it can analyze a digitized photograph or the bitstreams in electronic sound files -- even if they haven't been tagged or indexed with descriptive information. The multimedia identified is automatically indexed and ranked for easy retrieval.
"SAPIR is a potential 'game-changer' when it comes to scalability in search and analyses," said Yosi Mass, a research scientist at IBM Research-Haifa, and project leader for SAPIR. "It approaches the problem from a fundamentally different perspective, and opens up a universe of new possibilities for using multimedia to analyze the vast visual and auditory world in which we now live."
SAPIR can index and enable the ability to sift through collections of millions of multimedia items by extracting "low-level descriptors" from the photographs or videos. These descriptors include features such as color, layout, shapes, or sounds.
For example, if a tourist uses her mobile phone to photograph a statue, SAPIR identifies the image's low-level descriptors, compares them to existing photographs, and helps identify the statue. With further research, more
specific features of a given item could be analyzed, so that, say, someone can photograph a fashionable wallet seen on the street, and find out which stores carry the item.
In the future, scientists might also be able to extend the power of SAPIR's scalability to aid in patient healthcare and assisting with diagnoses. It might analyze medical images and rich-media patient records, then compare that information to historical data from distributed medical repositories.
Multimedia comprises the biggest proportion of information stored on theInternet. In fact, according to a May 2009 IDC study, 95 per cent of electronic information on the Internet, such as digital photos, is unstructured – and isn't neatly categorized or tagged. Images, captured by more than 1 billion devices in the world, are the biggest part of the digital universe.
The number of cell phone pictures reached nearly 100 billion in 2006, and is expected to reach 500 billion images by 2010.
SAPIR taps into the vast -- and rapidly growing -- electronic repository of multimedia and has exceptional reliability and nearly unlimited capacity. It uses the same type of self-organizing peer-to-peer technology currently used for swapping audio and video over the Internet. With this approach, there is no central point of potential failure, and server hardware can be added for additional capacity when the collection grows.
The "freshness" of the categorized indexed is ensured by an approach where providers of content automatically push their material into a searchable repository.